Sanitation and hygiene components are vital to reducing of diseases in communities. Supplying safe water to communities does not assure reduced diseases in communities, but must be integrated with adoption of appropriate sanitation and hygiene practices. Therefore, the project did not only concentrate on drilling of boreholes but also ensured that communities are sensitized on sanitation and hygiene benefits and were able to construct facilities before the boreholes were drilled.
In the first phase, a total of 42 communities of the target communities were trained on sanitation (and hygiene) benefits and technologies. The communities were enlightened on the need for latrines, rubbish pits, dish racks, hand washing facilities (including appropriate hand washing methods) and keeping their surrounding clean. During the review period, the project was able to sensitized 1,133 households from 42 communities in Solwezi (283), Monze (210), Mbala (75), Kasama (136), Kalomo (87), Pemba (173) and Chipata (169). The communities were also sensitized on the importance of solid waste management which is aimed at improving waste disposal through the use of rubbish pits and compositing methods. About 93 % of the households have refuse pits and are practicing appropriate solid waste disposal and 67% of households have hand washing facilities and practicing hand washing with soap or ash at critical times (including after using the toilet, before eating food and so on).
Following the awareness trainings on sanitation and hygiene benefits in the target communities, households were able to construct sanitation and hygiene facilities. During the period under review, 767 improved latrines were constructed using the sanitation platforms and locally available materials. These latrines will greatly contribute to improving sanitation and hygiene situation in the communities. This has seen an increase in access to improved latrines in the targeted communities from 26% to 68.5%. The communities were motivated to construct latrines after conducting the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and training. The construction and usage of facilities will assist in improving the wellbeing of the children through reduced incidences of diarrhoea and other water related diseases.